The Design of a 2 way crossover for 4 Ohm loudspeakers    8 Ohm crossover

Frequenzweiche für 2-Weges-System oder Subwoofer If you want to calculate the crossover yourself:
2 way crossover calculator

For a 2 way system or to separate satellites from a subwoofer a 12 dB / octave filter according to the picture on the left should be used. For 8 Ohm systems the values of the following tables are applicable.

To choose a capacitor is straight forward: select the value from the table below and choose a capacitor according to the desired quality level. Standard means: a MKT in series to the tweeter and an unetched electrolytic capacitor in parallel to the woofer (in high powered PA application possibly a MKT). Please take into account the maximum voltage Vac:

Selecting the right coil is a bit more complicated. Important aspects are:

Taking these aspects into consideration, we suggest the coils listed in the table below, indicating coil type, order no and DC resistance.

The colour code indicates the coil's material:
- iron, high power handling
- ferrite, low distortion - even at low volume
- ferrite, T-Core with extremely low distortion
- air, type 1 or 2 with lowest distortion
- large air core coil, type 3 or 4, with lowest distortion

For 4 Ohm loudspeakers:         ... 8 Ohm calculation  

Frequency in Hz 60 90 135 200 275 400 625 900 1200 1500
Cap. C in uF 400 330 200 100 82 68 47 33 22 15
e.g. ClarityCap PWA 4x EUR 30,32 excl. VAT: € 26.14 / $ 30.58 4x EUR 25,54 excl. VAT: € 22.02 / $ 25.76 2x EUR 30,32 excl. VAT: € 26.14 / $ 30.58 EUR 30,32 excl. VAT: € 26.14 / $ 30.58 EUR 25,54 excl. VAT: € 22.02 / $ 25.76 EUR 22,32 excl. VAT: € 19.24 / $ 22.51 EUR 16,18 excl. VAT: € 13.95 / $ 16.32 EUR 9,65 excl. VAT: € 8.32 / $ 9.73 EUR 7,41 excl. VAT: € 6.39 / $ 7.47 EUR 4,97 excl. VAT: € 4.28 / $ 5.01
Coil L in mH 15 10 6.8 4.7 3.3 2.2 1.5 1.0 0.82 0.56
Coils
up to 12 Watt
H71
15 mH
1,2 Ohm EUR 15,01 excl. VAT: € 12.94 / $ 15.14
H71
10 mH
0,87 Ohm EUR 11,21 excl. VAT: € 9.66 / $ 11.31
H71
6,8 mH
0,70 Ohm EUR 9,94 excl. VAT: € 8.57 / $ 10.03
H71
4,7 mH
0,46 Ohm EUR 8,99 excl. VAT: € 7.75 / $ 9.07
L100
3,3 mH
1,1Ohm EUR 18,72 excl. VAT: € 16.14 / $ 18.88
L100
2,2 mH
0,83 Ohm EUR 15,89 excl. VAT: € 13.70 / $ 16.03
L100
1,5 mH
0,62 Ohm EUR 13,06 excl. VAT: € 11.26 / $ 13.17
L100
1,00 mH
0,49 Ohm EUR 11,31 excl. VAT: € 9.75 / $ 11.41
L100
0,82 mH
0,44 Ohm EUR 10,33 excl. VAT: € 8.91 / $ 10.42
L100
0,56 mH
0,36 Ohm EUR 8,94 excl. VAT: € 7.71 / $ 9.02
Coils
up to 25 Watt
H100
15 mH
0,83 Ohm EUR 27,39 excl. VAT: € 23.61 / $ 27.63
H100
10 mH
0,64 Ohm EUR 23,59 excl. VAT: € 20.34 / $ 23.79
H100
6,8 mH
0,46 Ohm EUR 18,62 excl. VAT: € 16.05 / $ 18.78
H71
4,7 mH
0,46 Ohm EUR 8,99 excl. VAT: € 7.75 / $ 9.07
H100
3,3 mH
0,27 Ohm EUR 14,91 excl. VAT: € 12.85 / $ 15.04
L100
2,2 mH
0,83 Ohm EUR 15,89 excl. VAT: € 13.70 / $ 16.03
L100
1,5 mH
0,62 Ohm EUR 13,06 excl. VAT: € 11.26 / $ 13.17
L100
1,00 mH
0,49 Ohm EUR 11,31 excl. VAT: € 9.75 / $ 11.41
L100
0,82 mH
0,44 Ohm EUR 10,33 excl. VAT: € 8.91 / $ 10.42
L100
0,56 mH
0,36 Ohm EUR 8,94 excl. VAT: € 7.71 / $ 9.02
Coils
up to 50 Watt
BS125
15 mH
0,59 Ohm EUR 53,61 excl. VAT: € 46.22 / $ 54.07
BS125
10 mH
0,46 Ohm EUR 45,33 excl. VAT: € 39.08 / $ 45.72
BS125
6,8 mH
0,37 Ohm EUR 43,48 excl. VAT: € 37.48 / $ 43.85
BS125
4,7 mH
0,30 Ohm EUR 41,53 excl. VAT: € 35.80 / $ 41.89
H100
3,3 mH
0,27 Ohm EUR 14,91 excl. VAT: € 12.85 / $ 15.04
H100
2,2 mH
0,21 Ohm EUR 10,82 excl. VAT: € 9.33 / $ 10.91
H100
1,5 mH
0,17 Ohm EUR 9,39 excl. VAT: € 8.09 / $ 9.47
L140
1,00 mH
0,30 Ohm EUR 18,72 excl. VAT: € 16.14 / $ 18.88
L140
0,82 mH
0,26 Ohm EUR 17,74 excl. VAT: € 15.29 / $ 17.89
L140
0,56 mH
0,2 Ohm EUR 15,99 excl. VAT: € 13.78 / $ 16.13
Coils
up to 90 Watt
PA-Trafo
mo-123200
0,12 Ohm EUR 72,56 excl. VAT: € 62.55 / $ 73.19
PA-Trafo
mo-125490
0,19 Ohm EUR 26,12 excl. VAT: € 22.52 / $ 26.35
PA-Trafo
mo-125470
0,16 Ohm EUR 24,94 excl. VAT: € 21.50 / $ 25.16
H140
4,7 mH
0,26 Ohm EUR 28,37 excl. VAT: € 24.46 / $ 28.61
H140
3,3 mH
0,19 Ohm EUR 26,51 excl. VAT: € 22.85 / $ 26.74
H140
2,2 mH
0,14 Ohm EUR 20,67 excl. VAT: € 17.82 / $ 20.85
H140
1,5 mH
0,11 Ohm EUR 17,74 excl. VAT: € 15.29 / $ 17.89
L140
1,00 mH
0,30 Ohm EUR 18,72 excl. VAT: € 16.14 / $ 18.88
L140
0,82 mH
0,26 Ohm EUR 17,74 excl. VAT: € 15.29 / $ 17.89
L140
0,56 mH
0,2 Ohm EUR 15,99 excl. VAT: € 13.78 / $ 16.13
Coils
up to 165 Watt
PA-Trafo
mo-123200
0,12Ohm EUR 72,56 excl. VAT: € 62.55 / $ 73.19
PA-Trafo
mo-125490
0,19Ohm EUR 26,12 excl. VAT: € 22.52 / $ 26.35
PA-Trafo
mo-125470
0,16Ohm EUR 24,94 excl. VAT: € 21.50 / $ 25.16
PA-Trafo
mo-125450
0,14Ohm EUR 22,32 excl. VAT: € 19.24 / $ 22.51
BT140
3,3 mH
0,22 Ohm EUR 75,64 excl. VAT: € 65.21 / $ 76.29
BS140
2,2 mH
0,16 Ohm EUR 35,77 excl. VAT: € 30.84 / $ 36.08
BS140
3,3 mH
0,12 Ohm EUR 32,95 excl. VAT: € 28.41 / $ 33.23
H140
1,0 mH
0,08Ohm EUR 15,89 excl. VAT: € 13.70 / $ 16.03
L200
0,82 mH
0,16 Ohm EUR 37,72 excl. VAT: € 32.52 / $ 38.05
L200
0,56 mH
0,11 Ohm EUR 30,22 excl. VAT: € 26.05 / $ 30.48
Coils
up to 275 Watt
PA-Trafo
mo-123200
0,12Ohm EUR 72,56 excl. VAT: € 62.55 / $ 73.19
T250
10 mH
0,16 Ohm EUR 193,98 excl. VAT: € 167.22 / $ 195.65
T250
6,8 mH
0,12 Ohm EUR 184,24 excl. VAT: € 158.83 / $ 185.83
T250
4,7 mH
0,08 Ohm EUR 170,59 excl. VAT: € 147.06 / $ 172.06
T200
3,3 mH
0,10 Ohm EUR 103,33 excl. VAT: € 89.08 / $ 104.22
BT140
2,2 mH
0,12 Ohm EUR 69,89 excl. VAT: € 60.25 / $ 70.49
BT140
1,5 mH
0,09 Ohm EUR 58,44 excl. VAT: € 50.38 / $ 58.94
L200
1,0 mH
0,18 Ohm EUR 42,40 excl. VAT: € 36.55 / $ 42.77
L200
0,82 mH
0,16 Ohm EUR 37,72 excl. VAT: € 32.52 / $ 38.05
L200
0,56 mH
0,11 Ohm EUR 30,22 excl. VAT: € 26.05 / $ 30.48
Coils
up to 500 Watt
T250
15 mH
0,17 Ohm EUR 235,90 excl. VAT: € 203.36 / $ 237.93
T250
10 mH
0,16 Ohm EUR 193,98 excl. VAT: € 167.22 / $ 195.65
T250
6,8 mH
0,12 Ohm EUR 184,24 excl. VAT: € 158.83 / $ 185.83
T250
4,7 mH
0,08 Ohm EUR 170,59 excl. VAT: € 147.06 / $ 172.06
T200
3,3 mH
0,10 Ohm EUR 103,33 excl. VAT: € 89.08 / $ 104.22
T200
2,2 mH
0,09 Ohm EUR 88,61 excl. VAT: € 76.39 / $ 89.37
T200
1,5 mH
0,09 Ohm EUR 75,94 excl. VAT: € 65.47 / $ 76.59
L250
1,0 mH
0,12 Ohm EUR 61,41 excl. VAT: € 52.94 / $ 61.94
L250
0,82 mH
0,10 Ohm EUR 58,39 excl. VAT: € 50.34 / $ 58.89
L250
0,56 mH
0,08 Ohm EUR 48,64 excl. VAT: € 41.93 / $ 49.06

Both, the two coils and the two capacitors, should have the values indicated in the table. A subwoofer filter requires only one capacitor and one coil.

The coil in parallel to the tweeter or satellite needs to handle only half / a quarter of the power, if the crossover frequency is higher than 400/800 Hz.

Hint:

1) 18 and 24 dB / octave crossovers only make sense when the driver's exact characteristics are known!

2) This is certainly not a high-end-crossover. Such a crossover needs to be designed according to the drivers used. A good example is the Cauchy-crossover.
 

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